In olden days, innumerable number of men ages between 40 and 75 have suffered from prostate disease and they died early as a result of ignorance. However, nowadays prostate disease is well felt and can be prevented in early onset with the help of various diagnostic tools and treatment.
About The Prostate
The prostate is a part of the male reproductive system. It is a gland that is positioned in the lower abdominal cavity, just below the bladder, in front of the rectum and behind the pubic bone and partly it surrounds the urethra. The urethra is the pipe that conveys urine to the penis from the bladder and it runs right through the prostate.
A healthy prostate is like a walnut, weighs nearly 1 ounce.
Prostate Seminal vesicles produce a protein that mixes with prostatic fluid which forms semen. Tubes from the testicles carry sperm to the prostate where sperm is mixed with the seminal vesicle and prostatic fluids. This fluid is ejaculated during orgasm through ejaculatory ducts that connect to the urethra. Also, the prostate helps to control urine-flow. Men who are over forty-five may experience an enlargement of the prostate.
Symptoms of Prostate Disease
Prostate Enlargement is called Benign Prostate Hypertrophy, or BPH. If a man experiences problems with burning, or uneasy urination, consulting an urologist is a must.
Other symptoms are a feeling forcible urination, not feeling bladder emptying, frequent urination especially at night and irregular starting and stopping of the urinary stream.
Ignoring BPH is very dangerous and it can lead to other kidney infections or damage and bladder infections. Early detection and treatment prevents prostate cancer.
— The condition and size of the prostate by inserting a gloved finger into the rectum is determined by the Urologist and it is known as Digital Rectum Exam (DRE).
— To diagnose prostate cancer, the FDA approved the use of monitoring blood levels for prostate specific antigen (PSA). Tandem R test gives the total PSA and free PSA.
— Urine test helps to diagnose prostate problems by screening for blood or infection. The chemical tests will check for liver, diabetes or kidney disease.
— Hyperplasia: Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) test will record the progression of a dye (injected into a vein) through the kidneys, bladder and ureteral tubes.
— Bladder Ultrasound determines whether there is urine left in the bladder after urination. Prostate Ultrasound is a test to estimate the size of the prostate.
— Radionuclide Bone Scan test indicates that cancer has spread into the lymph nodes.
— Cystoscopy allows the physician to visually examine the bladder and prostate.
— Computed Axial Tomography (CAT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection are other tests to detect prostate cancer.
— Treatment for Localized Cancer at Stage I or II are Watchful Waiting, Surgery, and finally Radiation.
— Treatment for cancer spread beyond the prostate (Stage III) is by radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Conformal Radiation Therapy or hormonal therapy by keeping the tumor in check.
— Cryosurgery is used to kill prostate cancer cells by freezing them.
— Treatment for BPH is initially by drugs, inasteride (Proscar) and terazosin (Hytrin), and also by Ayurvedic, Reflexology, Food Therapy, Imagery, Hydrotherapy, Vitamin and Mineral Therapy and Yoga.
— Erectile dysfunction defects are treated with drugs, injections, penile implants, surgeries with nerve-sparing surgery.
Develop a positive mental attitude and outlook. No matter how dark the day may appear, there is always another chance to experience a brighter day tomorrow.