Seasonal disorder (also called SAD) is a type of depression that occurs at the same time every year. If you’re like most people in seasonal affective disorder depression, symptoms begin in the autumn and may continue into the winter months, sapping energy and makes you feel moody. Less frequently, seasonal affective disorder causes depression, depression in the spring or early summer.
Don ‘t brush it off, feeling that each year a simple case of “winter blues” or seasonal funk that you have a tough away by itself – you might be SAD disorder.
The typical symptoms are depression, weakness, increased need for sleep, craving for sweets and weight gain. Symptoms begin in the autumn, peak in winter and usually subside in the spring. Some individuals have a great bursts of energy and creativity in the spring or early summer. Sensitive individuals who work in buildings without windows may experience SAD-type symptoms any time of year. Some of the SAD have mild or occasionally severe periods of mania in the spring or summer. If symptoms are mild, no treatment may be necessary. If they are problematic, such as mood stabilizer lithium could be considered. It is a smaller group of individuals who suffer from the summer depression.
Although There is no specific diagnostic test for disease, it is understood that symptoms seasonal mood disorder are fatigue, exhaustion, depression, crying spells, irritability, difficulty in concentrating, myalgia, loss of sex drive, poor sleep, reduced activity, and overeating, especially carbohydrates, which relates to weight gain. When the condition presents in the summer, the symptoms are commonly insomnia, anorexia, weight loss, in addition to irritability, difficulty concentrating, and crying spells. In severe cases of seasonal affective disorder may be associated with depression, thoughts suicide.
There are different treatments for seasonal depression, depending on the severity of the symptoms. Also, if you have another type of depression or bipolar disorder, treatment may be different. Many doctors recommend that patients with SAD to try to get outside early in the morning to increase exposure to natural light. If this is impossible, since the dark winter months, antidepressant medication and / or light therapy (phototherapy) may help.
In also have a key role in the prevention of seasonal affective disorder disorder, regular exposure to light, that is clear, particularly in fluorescent lamps, will significantly improve depression in people with this disorder, when it presents its autumn and winter. Thelight therapy is used daily in the morning and evening for best results. Temporarily changing the climate in places, which is characterized by a bright light (such as the Caribbean) to achieve similar results. Light therapy is also called phototherapy. People who suffer from seasonal affective disorder depression is also likely to benefit from increased social support during vulnerable times of year.
Light Therapy – Short-term light can help ease depression. Doses of sunlight measured in “lux”. For example, the sun radiates about 90 000 lux and the blue sky reflects the approximately 45 000 lux. Treatments can range from two hours of light to 2500 lux for 30-40 minutes each morning in the light of 10,000 lux in the morning. However, light therapy at night can disrupt sleep patterns. There is little, if any, side effects to the eyes by using light therapy. Sometimes in the morning hours, walking can help others without treatment.
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Tags: light therapy, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Depression